July 10, 2024

60+ Python Project Ideas – Beginner to Advanced

Completing Python projects is the ultimate way to learn the language. When you work on real-world projects, you not only retain more of the lessons you learn, but you'll also find it super motivating to push yourself to pick up new skills. Because let's face it, no one actually enjoys sitting in front of a screen learning random syntax for hours on end―particularly if it's not going to be used right away.

Python projects don't have this problem. Anything new you learn will stick because you're immediately putting it into practice. There's just one problem: many Python learners struggle to come up with their own Python project ideas to work on. But that's okay, we can help you with that!

Are You Ready for This?

If you have some programming experience, you might be ready to jump straight into building a Python project. However, if you’re just starting out, it’s vital you have a solid foundation in Python before you take on any projects. Otherwise, you run the risk of getting frustrated and giving up before you even get going. For those in need, we recommend taking either:

In both courses, the goal is to quickly learn the basics of Python so you can start working on a project as soon as possible. You'll learn by doing, not by passively watching videos.

Selecting a Project

Our list below has 60+ fun and rewarding Python projects for learners at all levels. Some are free guided projects that you can complete directly in your browser via the Dataquest platform. Others are more open-ended, serving as inspiration as you build your Python skills. The key is to choose a project that resonates with you and just go for it!

Now, let’s take a look at some Python project examples. There is definitely something to get you started in this list.

Animated GIF of a smiling blue robot interacting with a mobile app interface

Free Python Projects (Recommended):

These free Dataquest guided projects are a great place to start. They provide an embedded code editor directly in your browser, step-by-step instructions to help you complete the project, and community support if you happen to get stuck.

  1. Building an Interactive Game — In this guided project, you’ll use basic Python programming concepts to create a functional and interactive word-guessing game.

  2. Profitable App Profiles for the App Store and Google Play Markets — In this one, you’ll work as a data analyst for a company that builds mobile apps. You’ll use Python to analyze real app market data to find app profiles that attract the most users.

  3. Exploring Hacker News Posts — Use Python string manipulation, OOP, and date handling to analyze trends driving post popularity on Hacker News, a popular technology site.

  4. Learn and Install Jupyter Notebook — A guide to using and setting up Jupyter Notebook locally to prepare for real-world data projects.

  5. Predicting Heart Disease — We're tasked with using a dataset from the World Health Organization to accurately predict a patient’s risk of developing heart disease based on their medical data.

  6. Investigating Fandango Movie Ratings — In this project, we'll step into the role of data journalists to analyze movie ratings data and determine if there’s evidence of bias in Fandango’s rating system.

Animated GIF of a laptop displaying a bar chart with a plant in the background

More Projects to Help Build Your Portfolio:

  1. Finding Heavy Traffic Indicators on I-94 — Explore how using the pandas plotting functionality along with the Jupyter Notebook interface allows us to analyze data quickly using visualizations to determine indicators of heavy traffic.

  2. Storytelling Data Visualization on Exchange Rates — You'll assume the role of a data analyst tasked with creating an explanatory data visualization about Euro exchange rates to inform and engage an audience.

  3. Clean and Analyze Employee Exit Surveys — Work with exit surveys from employees of the Department of Education in Queensland, Australia. Play the role of a data analyst to analyze employee exit surveys and uncover insights about why employees resign.

  4. Star Wars Survey — In this data cleaning project, you’ll work with Jupyter Notebook to analyze data on the Star Wars movies to answer the hotly contested question, "Who shot first?"

  5. Analyzing NYC High School Data — For this project, you’ll assume the role of a data scientist analyzing relationships between SAT scores and demographic factors in NYC public schools to determine if the SAT is a fair test.

  6. Predicting the Weather Using Machine Learning — For this project, you’ll step into the role of a data scientist to predict tomorrow’s weather using historical data and machine learning, developing skills in data preparation, time series analysis, and model evaluation.

  7. Credit Card Customer Segmentation — For this project, we’ll play the role of a data scientist at a credit card company to segment customers into groups using K-means clustering in Python, allowing the company to tailor strategies for each segment.

Python Projects for AI Enthusiasts:

  1. Building an AI Chatbot with Streamlit — Build a simple website with an AI chatbot user interface similar to the OpenAI Playground in this intermediate-level project.

  2. Developing a Dynamic AI Chatbot — Create your very own AI-powered chatbot that can take on different personalities, keep track of conversation history, and provide coherent responses in this intermediate-level project.

  3. Building a Food Ordering App — Create a functional application using Python dictionaries, loops, and functions to create an interactive system for viewing menus, modifying carts, and placing orders.

Fun Python Projects for Building Data Skills:

  1. Exploring eBay Car Sales Data — Use Python to work with a scraped dataset of used cars from eBay Kleinanzeigen, a classifieds section of the German eBay website.

  2. Find out How Much Money You’ve Spent on Amazon — Dig into your own spending habits with this beginner-level tutorial!

  3. Analyze Your Personal Netflix Data — Another beginner-to-intermediate tutorial that gets you working with your own personal dataset.

  4. Analyze Your Personal Facebook Data with Python — Are you spending too much time posting on Facebook? The numbers don’t lie, and you can find them in this beginner-to-intermediate Python project.

  5. Analyze Survey Data — This walk-through will show you how to set up Python and how to filter survey data from any dataset (or just use the sample data linked in the article).

  6. All of Dataquest’s Guided Projects — These guided data science projects walk you through building real-world data projects of increasing complexity, with suggestions for how to expand each project.

  7. Analyze Everything — Grab a free dataset that interests you, and start poking around! If you get stuck or aren’t sure where to start, our introduction to Python lessons are here to help, and you can try them for free!

Animated GIF of a person playing a space-themed game on a computer, illustrating cool Python projects for game development.

Cool Python Projects for Game Devs:

  1. Rock, Paper, Scissors — Learn Python with a simple-but-fun game that everybody knows.

  2. Build a Text Adventure Game — This is a classic Python beginner project (it also pops up in this book) that’ll teach you many basic game setup concepts that are useful for more advanced games.

  3. Guessing Game — This is another beginner-level project that’ll help you learn and practice the basics.

  4. Mad Libs — Use Python code to make interactive Python Mad Libs!

  5. Hangman — Another childhood classic that you can make to stretch your Python skills.

  6. Snake — This is a bit more complex, but it’s a classic (and surprisingly fun) game to make and play.

Simple Python Projects for Web Devs:

  1. URL shortener — This free video course will show you how to build your own URL shortener like Bit.ly using Python and Django.

  2. Build a Simple Web Page with Django — This is a very in-depth, from-scratch tutorial for building a website with Python and Django, complete with cartoon illustrations!

Easy Python Projects for Aspiring Developers:

  1. Password generator — Build a secure password generator in Python.

  2. Use Tweepy to create a Twitter bot — This Python project idea is a bit more advanced, as you’ll need to use the Twitter API, but it’s definitely fun!

  3. Build an Address Book — This could start with a simple Python dictionary or become as advanced as something like this!

  4. Create a Crypto App with Python — This free video course walks you through using some APIs and Python to build apps with cryptocurrency data.

Additional Project Ideas

Still haven’t found a Python project idea that appeals to you? Here are many more, separated by experience level.

These aren’t tutorials; they’re just Python project ideas that you’ll have to dig into and research on your own, but that’s part of the fun! And it’s also part of the natural process of learning to code and working as a programmer.

The pros use Google and AI tools for answers all the time — so don’t be afraid to dive in and get your hands dirty!

Graphic illustration of the Python logo with orange and brown wings, representing beginner-level projects.

Beginner Python Project Ideas

  1. Create a text encryption generator. This would take text as input, replaces each letter with another letter, and outputs the “encoded” message.

  2. Build a countdown calculator. Write some code that can take two dates as input, and then calculate the amount of time between them. This will be a great way to familiarize yourself with Python’s datetime module.

  3. Write a sorting method. Given a list, can you write some code that sorts it alphabetically, or numerically? Yes, Python has this functionality built-in, but see if you can do it without using the sort() function!

  4. Build an interactive quiz application. Which Avenger are you? Build a personality or recommendation quiz that asks users some questions, stores their answers, and then performs some kind of calculation to give the user a personalized result based on their answers

  5. Tic-Tac-Toe by Text. Build a Tic-Tac-Toe game that’s playable like a text adventure. Can you make it print a text-based representation of the board after each move?

  6. Make a temperature/measurement converter. Write a script that can convert Fahrenheit (℉) to Celcius (℃) and back, or inches to centimeters and back, etc. How far can you take it?

  7. Build a counter app. Take your first steps into the world of UI by building a very simple app that counts up by one each time a user clicks a button.

  8. Build a number-guessing game. Think of this as a bit like a text adventure, but with numbers. How far can you take it?

  9. Build an alarm clock. This is borderline beginner/intermediate, but it’s worth trying to build an alarm clock for yourself. Can you create different alarms? A snooze function?

Graphic illustration of the Python logo with blue and light blue wings, representing intermediate-level projects.

Intermediate Python Project Ideas

  1. Build an upgraded text encryption generator. Starting with the project mentioned in the beginner section, see what you can do to make it more sophisticated. Can you make it generate different kinds of codes? Can you create a “decoder” app that reads encoded messages if the user inputs a secret key? Can you create a more sophisticated code that goes beyond simple letter-replacement?

  2. Make your Tic-Tac-Toe game clickable. Building off the beginner project, now make a version of Tic-Tac-Toe that has an actual UI  you’ll use by clicking on open squares. Challenge: can you write a simple “AI” opponent for a human player to play against?

  3. Scrape some data to analyze. This could really be anything, from any website you like. The web is full of interesting data. If you learn a little about web-scraping, you can collect some really unique datasets.

  4. Build a clock website. How close can you get it to real-time? Can you implement different time zone selectors, and add in the “countdown calculator” functionality to calculate lengths of time?

  5. Automate some of your job. This will vary, but many jobs have some kind of repetitive process that you can automate! This intermediate project could even lead to a promotion.

  6. Automate your personal habits. Do you want to remember to stand up once every hour during work? How about writing some code that generates unique workout plans based on your goals and preferences? There are a variety of simple apps you can build to automate or enhance different aspects of your life.

  7. Create a simple web browser. Build a simple UI that accepts  URLs and loads webpages. PyWt will be helpful here! Can you add a “back” button, bookmarks, and other cool features?

  8. Write a notes app. Create an app that helps people write and store notes. Can you think of some interesting and unique features to add?

  9. Build a typing tester. This should show the user some text, and then challenge them to type it quickly and accurately. Meanwhile, you time them and score them on accuracy.

  10. Create a “site updated” notification system. Ever get annoyed when you have to refresh a website to see if an out-of-stock product has been relisted? Or to see if any news has been posted? Write a Python script that automatically checks a given URL for updates and informs you when it identifies one. Be careful not to overload the servers of whatever site you’re checking, though. Keep the time interval reasonable between each check.

  11. Recreate your favorite board game in Python. There are tons of options here, from something simple like Checkers all the way up to Risk. Or even more modern and advanced games like Ticket to Ride or Settlers of Catan. How close can you get to the real thing?

  12. Build a Wikipedia explorer. Build an app that displays a random Wikipedia page. The challenge here is in the details: can you add user-selected categories? Can you try a different “rabbit hole” version of the app, wherein each article is randomly selected from the articles linked in the previous article? This might seem simple, but it can actually require some serious web-scraping skills.

Graphic illustration of the Python logo with purple and blue wings, representing advanced-level projects.

Advanced Python Project Ideas

  1. Build a stock market prediction app. For this one, you’ll need a source of stock market data and some machine learning and data analytics skills. Fortunately, many people have tried this, so there’s plenty of source code out there to work from.

  2. Build a chatbot. The challenge here isn’t so much making the chatbot as it is making it good. Can you, for example, implement some natural language processing techniques to make it sound more natural and spontaneous?

  3. Program a robot. This requires some hardware (which isn’t usually free), but there are many affordable options out there — and many learning resources, too. Definitely look into Raspberry Pi if you’re not already thinking along those lines.

  4. Build an image recognition app. Starting with handwriting recognition is a good idea — Dataquest has a guided data science project to help with that! Once you’ve learned it, you can take it to the next level.

  5. Create a sentiment analysis tool for social media. Collect data from various social media platforms, preprocess it, and then train a deep learning model to analyze the sentiment of each post (positive, negative, neutral).

  6. Make a price prediction model. Select an industry or product that interests you, and build a machine learning model that predicts price changes.

  7. Create an interactive map. This will require a mix of data skills and UI creation skills. Your map can display whatever you’d like — bird migrations, traffic data, crime reports — but it should be interactive in some way. How far can you take it?

Next Steps

Each of the examples in the previous sections built on the idea of choosing a great Python project for a beginner and then enhancing it as your Python skills progress. Next, you can advance to the following:

  • Think about what interests you, and choose a project that overlaps with your interests.

  • Think about your Python learning goals, and make sure your project moves you closer to achieving those goals.

  • Start small. Once you’ve built a small project, you can either expand it or build another one.

Now you’re ready to get started. If you haven’t learned the basics of Python yet, I recommend diving in with Dataquest’s Introduction to Python Programming course.

If you already know the basics, there’s no reason to hesitate! Now is the time to dive in and find your perfect Python project.


About the author


Dataquest teaches through challenging exercises and projects instead of video lectures. It's the most effective way to learn the skills you need to build your data career.